Uman NUH | today: 09/02/2019

TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CORN, DEPENDING ON THE SPECIFICITIES OF VARIETY

Author(s) Osokina N.M., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Herasymchuk O.P., Candidate of Agricultural Science, Associate Professor of Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Stratutsa Ya. S. , , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category 181 "Food Technology"
year 2019 issue №1, 2019
pages 124-128 index UDK 664.784:631.526.3
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2019-1-124-128 (Link)
Abstract The demand for food corn in recent years has increased significantly, since its consumption in Ukraine has increased. Products on the market of products are often of poor quality. However, the use of modern biotechnology makes it possible to obtain high-quality products, since consumers prefer environmentally safe food. The main task of all agricultural production today is to establish a stable supply of the population of all types of goods and a significant improvement in the structure of nutrition at the expense of the most valuable products. An example of such are products that are made from technologically suitable for this varieties and hybrids of corn. The quality of raw materials is an important factor in providing the population of the state with processed products from maize grain, therefore the establishment of the most technologically suitable hybrids of maize grain for the purpose of its use for food purposes has been further studied in our research. It was established that the best geometric indicators were observed in the Galatea corn grain. By organoleptic evaluation, the studied varieties of corn met the requirements of the standard, had a peculiar color, and were not characterized by extraneous smells and tastes. The moisture content of corn grain was 13.2–15.3%, depending on the year of the study. According to the content of grain impurities (1.0–3.8%), weed impurities (0.3–1.8%), damaged grains (0.6–1.1%), the number of spoiled grains (0.8–1,2%), mineral impurities (0.10–0.15%) of the studied varieties did not exceed the norms of the standard, and the content of germinated grains was not found in any of the species. Contamination of corn grain with pests was not detected. The indicator of the nature of corn grain varieties was 670–710 g/l, the mass of 1000 grains – 270–310 g. To obtain high profits from high-quality raw materials in various areas of the grain processing industry, it is better to use Galatea grain, and for fodder and fodder purposes, Khmelnitsky and Mag.
Key words grain, corn, properties, humidity, weight of 1000 grains, nature
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