Uman NUH | today: 09/02/2019

GROWING ZUCCHINI IN SEALED CROPS

Author(s) Semenchenko E. L. , PhD of Agricultural Sciences, , Dnipropetrovsk Experiment Station Institute of Vegetable and Melons
Zavertalyuk V. F. , PhD of Agricultural Sciences, , Dnipropetrovsk Experiment Station Institute of Vegetable and Melons
Bogdanov V. P. , PhD of Agricultural Sciences, , Dnipropetrovsk Experiment Station Institute of Vegetable and Melons
Category 201 "Agronomy"
year 2019 issue №1, 2019
pages 21-24 index UDK 635.1:635.62:633.41:635.67:635.047
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2019-1-21-24 (Link)
Abstract Zucchini is a special vegetable crop, it in some form helps to improve digestion and has many medicinal properties, in addition, zucchini is a dietary product (the use of zucchini of any color and variety in its calorie content). The purpose of these studies was to develop elements of the technology of growing ecologically pure vegetable products. The main task was to determine the optimal feeding area for growing a zucchini in densely planted crops he urgency of the development is to obtain environmentally safe quality vegetable products that meets the requirements of the EU. This development will be used in small farms of different forms of ownership. Some techniques for sealing crops are suitable for mechanized care and even the use of means of controlling weeds, diseases and pests. The article is devoted to research on the cultivation of zucchini during compaction of its crops and the selection of optimal crops that are able to generate yields without compromising the quality of each other. The scientifically substantiated and proved the expediency of sealing the squash with beetroot canteen for beam products (according to the sowing scheme 140x6). It has been established that sowing table beet in the aisle of the zucchini, while observing the cultivation technology, contributes to an increase in the total yield of both crops by 7.7 t / ha, and at the same time the economic efficiency of such production increases. Аt the same time the economic efficiency of such production increases due to growth of up to 191 % of the profitability level by 20м % compared with the control and net profit by 22 thousand uan. /ha. On the basis of the conducted research, the optimum thicknesses of cultivation of the main crop and its compactor were established: squash - 5–10 thousand plants / ha, beetroot - 106 thousand plants / ha). Advantages of squeezing of zucchini crops: Increasing the output of total products per unit area, saving the moon on the land, increasing the use of land during the season. Advantages of squeezing of zucchini crops: Increasing the output of total products per unit area, saving the moon on the land, increasing the use of land during the season. In addition to beet pulp production is the possibility of laying stock for winter storage for further cultivation of seeds, and implementation in the spring-winter period, which allows you to increase the economic effect and gain additional profit. When growing a zucchini for consolidation of sowing certain conditions must be met: in the rows of the main culture plants plant densifier - beet table and beam products with a density of 105-110 thousand / ha are grown. The method is carried out in this way: seed beet is sown in early rows with a distance of 140 cm between the rows. At the beginning of the formation of the second pair of true leaves, the density of plants is formed at a distance of 4-6 cm, which provides a density of 105-110 thousand pieces / ha. Pick up beet with a loaf, when the root crops reach 1.5-5.0 cm in diameter. Hanging the seeds of a zucchini spend in the second or third decade of April according to the scheme of 140 x 70 cm. The seed rate is 3-4 kg / ha. In the future, the care of the cockroach is due to the loosening of the soil in the intermediate rows, the shaking, the formation of plant density (9-10 thousand pieces / ha), their feeding, irrigation and pest control. Young hаrness zucchini, with fruit length 15-20 cm, are harvested regularly at intervals of 3-4 days, not allowing them to grow. Total crop and economic efficiency of growing zucchini for compaction of crops were determined after harvesting of the main crop. The yield of the zucchini in the control version was 33.9 t / ha, and 32.2 tons of zucchini was obtained for the densification of beet dining and an additional 8.7 tons of beet dining for beam products.
Key words vegetable marrow, compacted crops, beetroot, bundle products, sweet corn, quality
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