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INFLUENCE OF SOWING DATES AND SEED PLACEMENT DEPTH ON FIELD GERMINATION THAT YIELD CHICORY ROOT CROPS

Author(s) Bakhmat M. , Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, , Podilsky State Agrarian Technical University
Tkach O. V. , PhD of Agricultural Sciences, , Podilsky State Agrarian and Engineering University
Category 201 "Agronomy"
year 2019 issue №2, 2019
pages 39-42 index UDK
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2019-2-39-42 (Link)
Abstract The results of research on the effect of sowing period and depth of seed wrapping on field germination, growth and productivity of chicory root crops are presented. Successfully selected sowing time and properly set depth of seed wrapping help to obtain friendly and even seedlings, optimum onset and passage of plant growth and development phases, ensure uniform technical maturity of high-quality root crops for mechanized harvesting. In the ontogenetic relation of chicory seeds is an embryonic state of plant development. Under the influence of changes in environmental conditions, plants exhibit high plasticity – especially the variability of phenological characteristics. From the formation on the mother plant, the seeds of chicory culture feels the influence of those climatic conditions that have developed during the growing season. Changes accumulated by the seeds to some extent affect the formation of productivity, and its productivity. Natural factors that affect the growth and development of chicory plants directly affect the formation of the level of yield and quality of roots. On this basis, the impact of environmental conditions and agrotechnical measures on the formation of chicory root crop yields is of great scientific and industrial importance
Key words chicory root crop, sowing time, seed wrapping depth, seed germination, root crop yield
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