Uman NUH | today: 06/29/2020

Ecological and floristic features of the formation of spontaneous vegetation parkland in Melitopol

Author(s) Bredichina J. L., , , Melitopol State Pedagogical University
Solomakha T.D., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior science researcher, Senior science researcher of department of systematic and floristic, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Category Landscape gardening
year 2014 issue №1
pages 88-91 index UDK 581.526.7: 630*27(477.64–21)
DOI
Abstract The article focuses on the research of ecological and floristic vegetation of Melitopol parkland with the development of the classification scheme of plant communities. It is presented in four parks belonging to the Nature Reserve Fund of Ukraine. Their area is about 75.5 hectares. These are such parks as the «Gorky Park,» the «Lisopytomnyk», the «Park near the railway station» and the «Park of the Institute of irrigation gardening.» Green area of Melitopol is 2.2 hectares. Wood plantations of the town consist mainly of exotic species. On the development of green spaces of the researched area on the conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine influence difficult edafo-climatic conditions of the territory. Almost all green areas of the city, including parks and tree- shrub phytocoenoses are created artificially in the postwar years. Natural vegetation in different parts of the city of Melitopol preserved only in small spaces. Since natural phytocoenoses are almost absent, and Ukrainian scientists were not involved to the study of a spontaneous vegetation, so to it research we used the ecological and floristic method using « deductive « approach of K. Kopecky and S. Heine. As a result, the study founds that spontaneous vegetation of Melitopol parkland is represented by five classes: Robinietea Jurko ex Hadac et Sofron 1980 (city spontaneous woody vegetation), Chenopodietea Br.-Bl. 1951 em Lohm., J. et R.Tx. 1961 ex Matsz. 1962 (grouping of the first stages of succession renewable), Querco-Fagetea Br.-Bl. et Vlieger in Vlieger 1937 (group of mesophilic and mesoxerophilnic broadleaf deciduous forests on rich soils), Festuco-Brometea Br.-Bl. et R. Tx. in Br.-Bl. 1949 (xerothermic and semi-xerothermic herbaceous species), Agropyretea repentis Oberd., Th. Mull. et Gors in Oberd, et al. 1967 (ruderal species with a predominance of perennial grasses). The article presents syntaxonomic vegetation schemes for each of the objects. Thus, we obtained the distribution of plant species identified in the park area of the city characterized by a certain degree of anthropogenic impact in its different parts. The research of ruderal communities in the parkland of the city is a necessary step for a scientific basis for monitoring of land which is affected by human, thus elevates the effectiveness of measures to optimize urban vegetation.
Key words spontaneous vegetation, park, urboecosystem, syntaxonomic scheme, ecological and floristic method
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