Uman NUH | today: 03/09/2020

The influence of methods of seed harvesting sugar beet on the formation of yield and quality parameters

Author(s) Shutenko T. A. , , , Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet NAAS of Ukraine
Category Seed production
year 2015 issue №1
pages 68-71 index UDK 633.63:631.531.1:631.55.004.16
Abstract The article is dedicated to studying of an effectiveness of direct harvesting by straight-combine method (singlephase harvesting) of sugar beet seeds after chemical drying of plants by the desiccant Roundup, including an impact on quality characteristics of seeds. The study was conducted in conditions of Bilotserkivska experimental and breeding station and experimental stations belonging to the network of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet of NAAS in 2002 - 2005, 2010, 2014. It has been found that upon two-phase and single-phase harvesting methods with use of desiccation the yield of seeds was higher, and the losses of yield lesser in comparison with two-phase method without desiccation. At an average, within years of research an increase in seed yield was 0,08-0,16 t/ha and a decrease in losses was 0,05-0,16 t/ha. It has been proved that the single-phase method of harvesting of sugar beet seeds contributes to the preservation of biological yield of cultivated seeds and its sowing characteristics.
Key words single-phase harvesting seeds , Roundup, desiccants, chemical drying seed
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