The influence of methods of seed harvesting sugar beet on the formation of yield and quality parameters
Shutenko T. A. , , , Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet NAAS of Ukraine
The article is dedicated to studying of an effectiveness of direct harvesting by straight-combine method (singlephase
harvesting) of sugar beet seeds after chemical drying of plants by the desiccant Roundup, including an impact on
quality characteristics of seeds.
The study was conducted in conditions of Bilotserkivska experimental and breeding station and experimental stations
belonging to the network of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet of NAAS in 2002 - 2005, 2010, 2014.
It has been found that upon two-phase and single-phase harvesting methods with use of desiccation the yield of seeds was
higher, and the losses of yield lesser in comparison with two-phase method without desiccation. At an average, within years
of research an increase in seed yield was 0,08-0,16 t/ha and a decrease in losses was 0,05-0,16 t/ha.
It has been proved that the single-phase method of harvesting of sugar beet seeds contributes to the preservation of
biological yield of cultivated seeds and its sowing characteristics.
single-phase harvesting seeds , Roundup, desiccants, chemical drying seed