QUALITY AND FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF FILBERT NUT OIL
Balabak О.А., PhD of Agricultural Sciences, Head of the Reproductive Biology of Plants Section, National Dendrological Park «Sofievka» NAS of Ukraine
Primary processing of crop products
This article is devoted to the research of filbert nut oil quality (Corylus domestica Kosenko et Opalko) and its
It was clarified that oil content in the kernel of filbert nut have been varied subject to the variety. Such varieties as
Hrandiznyy, Funduk-85 and Urozhainyy-80 had the biggest index, whereas Lozivskyy Urozhainyy had the lowest one. The
index of oil content varied against weather conditions during the period of research, and the revealed differences between
the varieties remained. High oil content of filbert nuts is the perspective source of herbal remedy relative to the potential
Biological value of oils is determined by the content of unsaturated fatty-acids, whereas the index 16% of linoleic acid which
we got during our researches in the mixture of filbert oils testified the prospect of usage the filbert nut kernels as the raw
material for oil industry at all, so as for improvement of liposome stability which we got from vegetable phospholipids.
Unsaturated fatty-acids predominated in the content of all fatty-acids of general lipids of all investigated filbert varieties.
Increased content of unsaturated fatty-acids testify to the more wide adaptive possibilities. The ratio of unsaturated and
saturated fatty-acids of filbert nuts is nearly 10, and it is the best index between the industrial oils.
filbert, nuts, kernel, oil, raw material, lipids, fatty-acids