||According to the actual observations of weather conditions, which were held at the meteorological station Uman,
by mathematical processing of data and its analysis on the basis of long-term values (avarage for 30 years - from 1961 till
1990), agrometeorological characteristics of 2015–2016 agricultural year was presented.
A characteristic feature of this year was the increased temperature background, scarcity of rainfall in summer and air-soil
drought, which began in June and continued until the end of summer.
The average atmospheric temperature of the agricultural year amounted 9,9 °C, it was by 2,6 °C higher than the long-term
average. In the cold season (December - March) sum excess was 11,9°C, and for the warm season (April - September)
The total rainfall for the year – 508,7 mm, it is on 19.6% less than normal. Therefore, the long-term summer rainfall deficit
was a limiting factor for plants growth and development