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Author(s) Shevchuk O. A., PhD of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Pervachuk M. V., PhD of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Vergelis V. I., , , Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Category Olericulture
year 2018 issue №1, 2018
pages 66-71 index UDK 631.811.98:635.652:631.547.1
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2018-1-66-71 (Link)
Abstract In the technological process, the use of antihypercholine agents is promising for increasing the seed productivity of various crops. The aim of the work was to find out the effect of slow acting drugs – chloromethacchloride, esophoniumand follicle on morphometric indices of seedlings and seed quality of bean seeds. The research was carried out using seed of beans of the Galactica variety.The processing of bean seeds different in the mechanism of action of antihypercholine action drugs – chloromethacchloride (0,25%), follicle (0,5%) and esophonium (0,2%). In the course of research, laboratory similarity of seeds and energy of its germination, dry mass of seedlings and roots were determined, as well as a number of morphometric indices: length of hyppolets, length of the main root, number of lateral roots. It was established that preparations of antihypercholineeffect caused significant changes in the morphogenesis of seedlings of bean seeds. It was noted that all three drugs increased the growth of hyppoletsand contributed to the intensive formation of lateral roots in seedlings of bean seeds.The best effect was observed with the use of preparations of esophonium (0,2%) and follicle (0,5%). It was found that the use of all three drugs led to a decrease in the length of the main root: 0,5% follicle – by 46%, 0,25% chloromethacchloride – by 43%, and 0,2% esophonium – by 36%. It was established that pre-seed treatment of bean seeds with drugs of inhibitory action – esophonium(0,2%) and chloromethacchloride (0,25%) caused the seed similarity to increase by 27% and 13% respectively, while the seed germination energy decreased by their action. It was investigated that the use of follicle (0,5%) on seed beans was not effective, that is, it did not increase the laboratory similarity of the seeds. It was investigated that variousantihypercholine action agents influenced the mechanism of action and resulted in the accumulation of dry matter of seedlings and roots of bean culture. It is promising to conduct sub-studies to study the impact of various mechanisms of action of antihypercholinetype drugs on the seed yield of different varieties of legumes
Key words antihypercholine action, beans, morphogenesis, seed productivity, inhibition
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