Uman NUH | today: 02/18/2023


Author(s) Matusyak M. V., , Post-Graduate Student, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Category Forestry
year 2020 issue №2, 2020
pages 110-114 index UDK 639.1.05 (477.44)
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2020-2-110-114 (Link)
Abstract Our research consisted in determining the productivity of forage lands and studying the main measures to improve the efficiency of low-productivity lands through the use of various agronomic measures. On the basis of the analysis of materials of arrangement of the territory we carried out a rating of lands of the territory of forestry and its distribution on credit ratings. According to the obtained data, taking into account the correction factors and the influence of factors, we determined that the average creditworthiness class is 3.1. As a result of our research, we found that the actual number of animals is many times lower than optimal. In particular, the number of spotted deer is three times lower, that of wild boar is 2 times lower, and that of European roe deer is 1.5 times lower. Based on the data on the actual number of animals on the farm, we calculated the amount of fodder for certain species of animals. According to the obtained data at the rate of hay harvest per 1 spotted deer, the total amount of haylage in the next 3 years will be: in 2017 – 160 kg, 2018 – 200 kg, 2019 – 280 kg. The required amount of silage in these years will be 120 kg, 125 kg, 210 kg, respectively. The total amount of necessary haylage for European roe deer during 2017-2019 will be: 390, 410, 440 kg. The required amount of silage during this period will be: 390, 410, 440 kg, bunches of deciduous trees – 780, 820, 880 pieces, compound feed – 585, 615, 660 kg. It was found that the yield of forage lands is not high, in particular, the yield of hayfields and pastures on average in the study area is about 18-25 kg/ha of green mass. It is determined that the total area of natural forage lands, in particular hayfields and pastures of the enterprise is 6.65 ha. The average yield of these lands is 0.94 t/ha, which is twice lower than the average for the Forest-Steppe zone.
Key words forage lands, hunting animals, grading, yield, forage balance, plant phytocenoses
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