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Author(s) Shevchuk O. A., PhD of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Khodanitska O. O., PhD of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University (Vinnytsia)
Tkachuk O.O., PhD of Biological Sciences, Assistant Professor, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
Shevchuk V. V., , , Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Category 201 "Agronomy"
year 2020 issue №2, 2020
pages 26-31 index UDK 631.162.6:581.4:635.655
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2020-2-26-31 (Link)
Abstract The specificity of the action of antigibberelin drugs is that they can influence the processes and intensity that cannot be corrected by agronomic measures of cultivation. The purpose of the work was to scientifically substantiate the use of plant growth inhibitors with an antigibberelin type of action as an element of soybean cultivation technology, to identify their effect on growth, development and productivity. The research was carried out on a soybean plants of the Triada variety. At a height of shoots 10-15 cm plants were treated with aqueous solutions: 0.5% tebuconazole, 0.2% ethephon and 0.5% chlormequat chloride until complete wetting of the leaves. Control plants were treated with water. During the research, morphological parameters, leaf surface area, and organ mass were defined. It was established that the use of plant growth inhibitors with an antigibberelinic mechanism of action (the ethylene producer esfone (0,2 %), the triazole-derived retardant tebuconazole (0,5 %) and the onium preparation chlormequat chloride (0,5 %) on soybean plants led to morphological and anatomical changes: decreasing of the mass of leaves and stem, increasing the thickness of the stem and root collar. The preparations reduced the length of internodes of soybean plants,, that created the preconditions for plant resistance to lodging. Plant growth inhibitors had different effects on the leaf surface area of soybean plants: there was an increase in this indicator by 24% for the use of chlormequat chloride, and processing with esfon and tebuconazole led to a decrease of 26% and 23% accordingly. Different effects of retardants were found on the length of the main root. Under the action of esfon the length of the main root decreased by 20%; the application of both chlormequatchloride and tebuconazole, this indication increased accordingly by 43% and 37%. The question of studying the influence of modern plant growth regulators with a different mechanism of action on the productivity of different varieties of legumes remains relevant
Key words retardants, morphogenesis, assimilation surface of the leaf, cultural soybean (Glусіпе тах).
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