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TOXIC AND HARMFUL PLANTS OF NATURAL PASTURES OF ZHYTOMYR POLISSY

Author(s) Borshchenko V.V., , , Polisky National University (Zhytomyr)
Lavryniuk O.O., PhD of Agricultural Sciences, , Polisky National University
Farafonov S. Zh., , , Volyn State Agricultural Research Station of the Institute of Potato Growing of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
Tkachova I.V., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, , Institute of Animal Husbandry of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
Bernatskyi A.O., , , Polisky National University
Category 201 "Agronomy"
year issue №1, 2022
pages 8-17 index UDK 633.2:633.3:632.5.01/.08
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2022-1-8-17 (Link)
Abstract The main advantages of pasture keeping as one of the components of organic keeping of animals are revealed. Types of natural pastures of Zhytomyr Polissya of Ukraine and their productivity are described. The main types of harmful and poisonous plants for farm animals are given. Also described are the most common poisonings by various species of grazing plants, signs of poisoning, first aid and prevention. The effects of ruminants' consumption of certain pests and their effects on milk and meat quality have been described. The toxic effect of cultivated plants when eating them at different stages of the growing season is described. The component composition of the stands of the studied pastures has been established. The results of researches of natural pastures of different farms of Zhytomyr Polissya for the presence of poisonous plants and their species are given. A description of the toxic organs of plants, organs and systems of the affected animals is given. Recommendations on measures to control poisonous pasture plants have been developed and substantiated.
Key words pastures, pasture yields, cultivated plants, harmful plants, poisonous plants, poisonous parts of plants, toxins, toxin formation, poisoning, therapy, prevention, control measures
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