Uman NUH | today: 02/13/2023


Author(s) Hospodarenko G.M., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Lubych V.V., Candidate of Agricultural Science, Lecturer of Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Zheliezna V.V., Postgraduate, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category 181 "Food Technology"
year 2020 issue №2, 2020
pages 78-82 index UDK 665.939.4:633.11
DOI 10.31395/2310-0478-2020-2-78-82 (Link)
Abstract The amino acid content of soft wheat grain was analyzed depending on the variety. It was found that the content of lysine, leucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine and cystine varies the most from the weather conditions of growing season. The total weight of amino acids varies from 14,01 to 17,46 % of grain depending on the variety of soft wheat. The share of indispensable amino acids is 27–29 % of their total mass. However, the sum content of indispensable amino acids varies significantly depending on the variety and line – from 3,81 to 5,10 %. The highest content of phenylalanine (0.55 %), lysine (0.51 %) and leucine (0.47 %) in the grain of soft wheat Panonicus (st) variety was found. The lowest methionine content is 0.1 %. The remaining amino acids ranged from 0,39 to 0,46 %. Among the dispensable amino acids, there is the highest content of glutamine (3,54 %) and proline (1.11 %), and the lowest content of cystine (0.1 %). The variation coefficient of the samples over the years of research was average for the amino acids serine, glutamine, glycine and arginine – low, histidine, asparagine and methionine – medium, and for the rest - high,. It is obvious that the content of amino acids also varies significantly depending on the weather conditions of the growing season of winter wheat. The content of indispensable amino acids in the grain of Kulundinka soft wheat varied from 0.16 to 0.95 %. The content of threonine (0,78 %) and leucine(0,95 %) was the highest, the content of methionine was the lowest – 0.16 %. The content of other indispensable amino acids ranged from 0,50 to 0,74 %. The content of dispensable amino acids ranged 0,22–4,03 %. The highest content was of proline (1,67 %) and glutamine (4,03 %). The content of other dispensable amino acids varied from 0,80 до 1,12 %. It was found that the content of basic amino acids in wheat grain of P 7 soft line varied from 0,09 to 3,92 %. Thus, the content of indispensable amino acids is dominated by threonine, lysine, valine and leucine (0,54–0,78 %). Among the indispensable are proline, asparagine, and glutamine (1,07–3,92 %). The lowest content among indispensable amino acids was characterized by methionine (0.09 %), among dispensable – cystine (0,27 %). The grain of Kulundinka wheat variety and P 7 line obtained by hybridization of Triticum aestivum L. / Triticum spelta L. has the highest number of indispensable amino acids, which are recommended to be used to obtain high-quality grain.
Key words soft weat, indispensable amino acids, dispensable amino acids, variety, grain
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